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Discover pristine underwater world!

Come with us in the Sudan and walk in the footsteps

of the great explorers!

 

Sudan is one of the largest countries in Africa and extends over 400 km along the Red Sea.
As in Egypt is also in Sudan the landscape, except on the Nile banks and some oases, barren and desolate.

 

Because the country has no tourist infrastructure, a liveaboard is the only way to explore the stunning, pristine underwater world, as did also decades ago Hans Hass and Jacques Cousteau.

 

On the mark of the two brilliant explorers it goes from Port Sudan to the North or South to almost pristine reefs and wrecks, which leave nothingto be desired.
For example, the Umbria, which is considered one of the most beautiful wrecks in the world, the Toyota – wreck, so named  because of its cargo of cars and trucks, or to the ruins of the underwater settlement “Precontinent” by Jacques Cousteau.
The names of reefs such as Sha’ab Rumi, with its many sharks, Qita’al Banna with the huge drop off until 600 or Angarosh mother of sharks are a notion for insider.

 

 

You can find colorful coral gardensfascinating cavesdeepbreathtaking drop offs or individual coral blocksAgain and again you can meet there large hammerheads or barracudasA variety of rays and thesmaller fish in huge schools are located here.

 

No one, who ever dived in the Sudan, was disappointed in the least.

 

If you have been in the Egyptian Red Sea before and you are trying to find something new, or if you just want to have the best in front of your mask, what the Red Sea offers, a diving safari in the Sudan is inevitable.

Although the journey to Sudan is a bit extensive – it pays off!

 

Just ask us.

 

 

 

Information about your Safari                          Information about Sudan

 

North-Tour     Best of Sudan      Deep-South-Tour      2 Weeks-Tour

Possible dive sites of the Sudan North Tour

Shaab Rumi Skizze1

Shaab Rumi Skizze K

Shaab Rumi South TG

Shaab Rumi Precontinent paint

Sha’ab Rumi is 23 miles north/north-east of Port Sudan. Diving close to the south point of the reef, you reach a vast plateau at a depth of 20 to 30 meters. In this area, it’s to come across vast numbers of permanent fish, as well as a fine shoal of barracuda and large groups of bigeye trevallies. Roughly 20 grey sharks, mostly females, visit this plateau, which is subject to strong currents. On the seabed, there is an anti-shark cage, used by cousteau’s team in the 1960s.

The great variety of species and the quantity of colors make this one of the most beautiful dives in the world. Each immersion, even those done in close succession, is guaranteed to provide some pleasant surprise because the area contains a complete food chain, ranging from dense shoals of the smallest kind of fish to large predators.

The seabed is covered with tiny cleaning wrasses that serve the colorful coral fish and also sharks and barracuda. For those of you who enjoy observing and photographing “small” subjects, these are red sea anemonefish and longnose hawkfish swimming around the large sea fans of beautiful sea anemones.

Diver interested in going down deeper, to the 50 meters leve, have a good chance of experiencing shoals of hammerhead sharks that repeatedly approach them, full of curiosity. Encounters with silvertrip sharks are common. Close to the reef, a pretty shoal od “sweet lips” grunts keep us company during the safety stop on the way up.

Rising towards the surface, close to the entrance of the Sha’ab Rumi lagoon, you will see the outline of the “precontinent”. This large underwater bell resembles a “flying saucer”. It was used by cousteau’s team to carry out hyperbaric physiological experiments. This bell can also be seen from the surface.

shaab-rumi-sud

 

Original Photos of Shaab Rumi

 

 

 

Shaab Suedi Skizze K

Shaab Suedi Check dive TG

Shaab Suedi Blue Belt TG

 

The 7 mile long reef complex runs parallel to the coast.

At the north end the wreck of the "Blue Belt", which sank in 1977, was lying on the outside of the reef. The cargo of the ship was passenger cars and trucks of the brand "Toyota", hence the name "Toyota wreck ". It was on the way from Jeddah to Port Sudan - the cause of the sinking has not been clarified until now.

Unfortunately, the Blue Belt has slipped off the reef in the summer of 2013 and cannot be dived since this time. The spot where the wreck was such a long time, is identified by cargo remnants on the reef. Nevertheless, a dive in the area is worthwhile. At a depth of 5 - 40 m the reef is offering an incredible variety of colors of coral, large Napoleons and Mantas are at home here. If you dive towards the north, you can reach a beautiful coral garden with hundreds of table corals in all sizes and colors.

 

Original Photos of Shaab Suedi

 

Shaab-Suedi Foto

 

 

 

Qita el Banna Skizze 1K

Qita el Banna Skizze K

Qita el Banna TG

Qita el Banna, a coral tower 29 miles to the north, rises ot the surface from a depth of 300 meters. The vertical wall is covered with large, multicoloured soft coral and is full of caves and crevices that offer shelter to numerous species of barrier fish.

Because this location is exposed to the open sea and strong currents, frequent encounters can be made with scalloped hammerhead sharks and other types of sharks, such as the sivertip sharks.

Close to the pinnacle, large bigeye trevallies and tuna have their ideal hunting grounds. With a bit of luck, you may also see gracefull manta rays.

Merlo Skizze K

Merlo Skizze 1 K

Merlo TG

merlo sud

Merlo Reef

The elongated reef is located 1.2 nautical miles southwest of Angarosh.
The same like Angarosh and Abington Reef it towers steeply from the more than 450 meter deep seabed. In the opposite of its two neighbors, the outsides don`t fall as steep into the depth. At its narrow northern end there is a plateau with a big coral block, beautiful overgrown with soft corals. The west and east sides are interspersed with many crevices and caves, the reef roof extends close below the water surface, numerous small coral rocks stick out of the water.
On the west side you can already see from afar the remains of Freedom. In October 1999 the Austrian liveaboard ran to the reef because of a navigational error. The boat was almost totally dismantled by local fishermen within a few days– meanwhile you can see only the exploited boat fuselage and the sawed-off bow. The Merlo reef is frequently visited by liveaboards. Current must be expected here, because of its exposed location, but often not as strong as at the Abington reef.

 

East Side

The reef wall extends partially hanging down to a depth of about 15 meters.
In this area, the reef is very rugged and crisscrossed by many columns. Numerous giant morays will find a place to hide and wait for the night catch their prey under cover of darkness. Some columns are so large that it can be easily dived into them.
Inside sporadic coral inhabitants are discovered in the diffuse light, hiding from their enemies.

 

At the foot of the wall a slightly downwardly inclined, beautiful overgrown slope begins. It is full with small to medium sized coral blocks and populated by many reef dwellers. The coral cover is so dense, that only small stretches of sand can be found on which occasionally white tip sharks take rest.
In addition to the various types of hard and soft corals, a large number of table corals are distributed over the entire east side.
Aside colonies from magnificent sea anemone and bubble anemone have settled and on slopes shoals of unicorn fish are present. At its end the outer wall falls steeply into the depths. The edge runs in the north at a depth of about 40 meters and raises to the south up to the range of 25 meters. In this section, groups of Napoleons swimming along the reef and come curious close to the divers.
There is a three-stage plateau on the northern tip. The first stage includes the shallow water to a depth of 2 meters. On the west side two deep cuts can be easily dived and under a small overhang at 15 meters one can find a swarm of glass fish.

 

At the foot of a jagged reef wall the second stage starts at 25 meters. The bottom slopes to 30 yards to merge in a steep wall. The plateau is nice overgrown, but it is dominated by a large coral rock on the west side. It is beautifully overgrown with soft and hard corals and offers interesting subjects to underwater photographers.
So you meet there, among other numerous Indo-Pacific Sergeant, rowing perch, different snappers and butterfly fish. With a little luck grey reef sharks can be observed at the steep wall.

 

Among the third plateau stage can be spotted. At their approach it forms a channel, where occasionally groups of hammerhead sharks skim along. Due to their unusual head shape they are also easily recognized in greater distances.

Original Photos of Merlo Reef

 

 

 

 

Shambaia TG

ShambaiK

From the anchorage you can drive with the Zodiak to the northern point and can fall into the water, or rather into the aquarium. Near the reef wall the depth is 6 m. You dive in the shade of the current - the sunlight can illuminate the reef in all colors and the diver is surrounded by many many fish.

Slowly one gains depth and dive with the reef on the right shoulder. There may even be meetings with white tip reef sharks.
The reef falls gently and without current you can dive between many blocks. Hard coral in great variety, beautiful intact table corals, nice vegetation and lively inhabitants astonish every diver. Shortly before the anchorage you can see a block that looks like a giant mushroom. This block is overgrown with beautiful soft corals that illuminate in violet, white and blue colors. It is worthwhile to look closely to ensure that the small flatworms can be detected from the color variety of vegetation. A large school of Barrakudas crosses here the way - the serenity of the robbers is amazing, so that the diver can approach to within a few meters. A big Napoleon prefers to bring his self in safety.

The second option would be to jump from the boat and dive towards the north with the reef on the left shoulder. After turning around the big block,or reaching 100 Bar, we start our way back with the reef on our right shoulder.

Under the boat you can spend your time at the reef wall or spend the remaining time between a school of sweetlips.
Gota Shambaia is a very nice place to enjoy diving and discover a huge variety of fauna and flora.

Original Photos of Shambaia

 

 

AngaroshK

Angarosh Bild K

Angarosh TG

The "mother of sharks", this is the Arabic translation of Angarosh, one of the most famous dive sites of the Sudan. As the name says, encounters with the great hunters of the seas are the norm. It is hardly possible for the diver to escape the fascination of an encounter with these elegant swimmers.

The Island, that is sticking only a few meter out of the water, has an elongated shape and is located 2.5 nautical miles south-southwest of Abington reef.

The surrounding reef has a more triangular shape and falls at the outside steeply into the depths.

At the southern end there is a small, on the northern end a large plateau. Both places are known for possible encounters with different shark species. The number of animals is depending on the season and the water temperature.

The reef is penetrated by many small incisions, which extend deep into the reef. Because of the exposed location strong current must be expected. This is also a reason that strikingly large schools from various pelagic fish can be found.

At the whole reef the species richness of the Red Sea with its hard and soft corals and its many inhabitants is shown. The diver is provided with overwhelming abundance of underwater life.

 

North plateau with East Side

At the north end, pointed to the north-east, a large plateau is located. On its start at 18 meters depth there is a large cave in the reef wall which is courageously defended by two couples of clownfish.

The plateau decreases uniformly to 30 meters in order to continue after a step in 40 meters.
Beyond the sport diving limit his tip vanishes steeply in the deep blue. The sandy bottom is covered with many small, overgrown with soft corals, stone heads. Whip corals rise up and form in some places downright small forests. Frequently circles a sedentary shoal of barracuda.

Especially on the plateau top a strong current has to be expected. If the diver dares to advance to the edge, especially in the morning hours, the sea creatures encounter who have made this spot so famous:
Schools of curious scalloped hammerheads come closer and let beat the heart of the diver. The patrolling whitetip reef sharks on the plateau rather take this time a minor role. Not uncommonly even Mantas come around. These giants are swimming calmly their laps on the plateau. The outside first forms a steep inclined slope to disappear later vertically in depth.

Depending on the direction of the current you can slowly end the dive at the east side of the reef. Also on this side of the reef there is much to discover.

South of the North plateau at 10 m depth there are some caves, where swarms of glass fish are looking for protection. In 4 meters depth you can enter one of the first through a chimney and exit at the originally entrance.

Not far from the plateau edge the diver reaches a larger coral block which is overgrown with anemones outright. In shallow water unfolds the entire colorful shapes and diversity that characterizes this waters.

 

West wall with Southern plateau

Opposite the east side, the west side is more crossed by clefts and overhangs.
This creates a lot of hiding places for the reef inhabitants. Remarkable are the collections of anemones with their symbiotically living clownfish, which attract the attention of the diver.

Similar to the east side, the reef wall proceeds to 20 meters perpendicular. Partly it is suspended and continues in 40 meters in a small slope hill. Below the water surface cornet fish can be observed.

Towards the south plateaus blue trigger fish are paying attention, while floating in large numbers close to the reef wall. Around the south end there is a narrow flat strip of water, however, due to the motion of the sea it is too shallow for diving or snorkeling. It is populated with a variety of colorful reef dwellers.

Below this section there are larger caves in the reef wall. The small plateau falls in two stages up to 45 meters deep. At the first level in about 20 meters are some nice vegetated coral blocks. At the level of the second one the area of pelagic big fish starts. Depending on the season there are good chances to encounter various shark species. The outer wall of the plateau vanishes precipitously in the deep blue.

Angarosh_reef

Originalbilder vom Angarosh Riff

Sanganeb Süd Skizze 1 K

Sanganeb Nord Skizze K

Sanganeb north TG 1

Sanganeb south TG K

The Sanganeb reef was placed under nature conservation in 1990 - you can see it from afar by its 50-meter high lighthouse. The effort of climbing the lighthouse with its 268 steps is paying off, because you will be rewarded with a fantastic view over the reef, and the four lighthouse keepers are happy about occasional visitors. The reef area covers 12 square kilometers and rises from a depth of 800 m steeply from the ocean floor.

Especially the south west plateau is famous for its great biodiversity, the lush vegetation with soft corals and its prominent location with good chance for big fish encounters. Here the reef forms a vast plateau, where the abundance and variety of life can even compete with the famous southern tip of Shaab Rumi. Experienced divers can venture to the far end of the stage, while the less experienced better stay on the stage near the site with a sandy bottom.

Depending on the season there are encounters of big barracuda schools, dozens of groupers and shoals of mackerel. Lovers of underwater photography will be highly entertained. Among the variety of species to be photographed you can also encounter rarities such as hammerheads.

In good weather condition, it is also possible to dive from the north point of Sanganeb reef. This location is often affected by strong currents, but the water is absolutely crystal clear. Hammerhead sharks can be seen close to the second, “step” which is roughly 45 meter deep, large shoals of black fin barracuda and big eye trevallies can often be encountered.

With so much diversity in flora and fauna definitely more dives are worthwhile.

Sanganeb Süd Skizze 5      Sanganeb Nord Skizze 5

 

Original Photos of Sanganeb

Sanganeb Skizze K

 

 

 

Wingate Reef Skizze K

Wingate Umbria Bild K

Wingate Umbria Skizze 5

The Wingate Reef is located close to the harbor entrance of Port Sudan.
It became known by Hans Hass, who dived there at the "Umbria" – Wreck in 1948. Due to the nearby harbor, the visibility on this reef is often poor.
Because also the biodiversity of underwater fauna and flora is not outstanding, at the Wingate Reef is rarely dived, except at the “Umbria".
Beautiful and highly recommended are the night dives at the Umbria.

Umbria

Location: Wingate Reef
Maximum depth: 38 meters
Minimum depth: 5 meters
current: Low to medium
Visibility: Due to the sediment-rich environment usually only moderately
Difficulties: No
Launched: 30/12/1911
Boatyard: Reiherstieg shipyard, Hamburg
Building Number: 444 Flag
Italian shipping company: Lloyd Tristino, Italy
Length: 155 meters
Width: 18 meters
Side height: Unknown
Draft: 5.83 meters
Load capacity: 6,219 tons
Survey: 10,076 GRT
Power Unit: 2 x 6 cylinder steam engine (Reiherstieg Machine construction)
Power: 4,300 hp
Speed: 12.5 knots
Captain: Lorenzo Muiesan
Crew: 81
Passengers: 77
Losses: None
Cargo: Munitions, bombs, cars, aircraft parts, cement bags
Last ride: From Naples via Messina to Aden and Calcutta
Sunk: 09/06/1940
Cause: Self scuttling
In May 1940 rages the WW2 in Europe. Despite the Balkan conflict, there was no open confrontation between fascist Italy and the British Crown at this time.

The "Umbria" was loaded at the end of May 1940 in Genoa, Livorno and Naples with various war materials to supply Italian troops in Aden. In 1935 the ship was already converted from passenger steamer to material and troop transport ship and previously used for such trips.
In the 5 holds more than 360,000 bombs and 60 boxes with incendiary bombs are packed with other explosives. Furthermore cars, aircraft parts and bags of cement and other building materials.
The route leads the "Umbria" via Messina in Sicily to Port Said, from where it should go through the Suez Canal and the Red Sea to East Africa.

After arriving in Port Said on June 3rd they stash another 1,000 tons of coal and 130 tons of water. 23 British Navy soldiers and 2 pilot go on board here. In anticipation of the entry into the war between Italy and England, the canal passage is deliberately delayed. So the "Umbria" leaves Suez three days later with its explosive cargo.
From now on she follows the gunboat "Grimsby". It stops the freighter amounting to Port Sudan with the reason to be in British territorial waters. On June 9th  the "Umbria" drops anchor at the Wingate Reef.
Under the pretext to search for smuggled goods, 22 soldiers are brought on board by the New Zealand cruiser "Leander", under the leadership of Lieutenant Steve.
They occupy instantly strategically important points and start a time-consuming search.
In the afternoon captain Muiesan experiences in his cabin from the radio, that Italy will proclaim the state of war at 19.00  and is to be expected with the first military actions at 0.00 the following day.
Muiesan knows, that he doesn`t have to waste more time to avoid that the strategically important cargo falls into enemy hands. Together with the first officer Radolfo Zarli and the flight engineer Carlo Costa, he plans the scuttling.
The difficulty was the unobtrusive evacuation of the crew.
Finally Muiesan proposes Lieutenant Steve to carry out a rescue exercise – he approves this in the hope of being able to continue to hold "Umbria". While the Italians start the exercise, Steve achieves on the bridge the news of heavy flooding throughout the ship.
After a few minutes, with increasing list, he realizes that he can no longer prevent the sinking. Furiously he and his soldiers take part at the "rescue exercise".
Aboard the "Gimsby" he announces to Muiesan the entry into the war in Italy and that he gave the order to scuttle.
Before the outbreak of war he goes with his crew in captivity to India.
Despite the dangerous position in the harbor of Port Sudan the "Umbria" is not recovered. Around the wreck, with its still partly protruding davits, a prohibited zone is pronounced and then left to oneself.
Nine years after its demise the "Umbria" awakens the interest of the 30-year old Hans Hass. His contacts with the governor of Port Sudan affords him to dive at the "Umbria".
His photographic and film material contributed significantly the myth of the wreck.
Meanwhile, the "Umbria" is one of the most famous wrecks in the Red Sea.
Located within sight before Port Sudan it is mostly dived at the beginning or the end of a dive safari. Although the collecting passion of many divers has left their marks, the old lady with the explosive cargo has lost none of its charm. The place of sinking can be easily recognized from the four davits on the starboard side that protrude out of the water. The sediment-rich bottom, the near location to the harbor entrance and the slightly current often contribute to decreased visibility.

The ship lies on its port side in a 75 degree angle. The intact bow is followed by three fore holds. Mid ship one finds the crew quarters and the bridge, to the rear two more cargo spaces and the quarterdeck. Both, the cargo spaces and the mid ship structures, can be comfortably explored.
Due to the extreme skew and the dangerous cargo, it is required to extreme care when touching objects.  Approaching the bow of the "Umbria" from the open water, the towering bow steven with the flag staff distinguishes mystical from the greenish water.
The two anchor chains running to the bottom, because "Umbria" was moored when she sank. The anchor winch and the rail are covered with coral.
The deck planks are partly still in a remarkably good condition. The small hatches are an indication of the age of the ship. In the first hold, whose access is located on the foredeck, in addition to the ubiquitous ammunition there are wooden boxes, electrical material and aircraft tires.

In the second, a bit larger one, there are bombs, grenades and stick grenades. From the explosive separated detonators are almost distributed in each loading space. The third cargo area is the most visited.
Besides cement bags and other building materials one can find wine bottles and jam jars.
A narrow passage back- or starboard leads to the first platform in the mid ship area, where are three vehicles.
The Fiat 1100 Lunga specifically designed for off-road use in the Italian colonies. Unfortunately a lot of divers already left their marks at the vehicles. The fine sediment leaves the visibility to zero already after a short time -  if possible this ship part should be visited by small groups at longer intervals.

The mid ship section with the bridge and its superstructures can be easily explored also by snorkeling.

On Starboard 4 empty davits protrude out of the water. On this side is also a single bath room with toilet, bath and an enamel washbasin.
To the huge engine room you can either pass through one of the open skylights behind the chimney or through the access from aft workshop. The multistory space is easy to dive in the upper sections, the lower remains for experienced divers.

Duckboards isolate the various aggregates. On the seabed towards the port side of the superstructure, lie wind sleeves, derricks, the broken chimney and a lifeboat.

Toward the stern, two other cargo spaces follow. They are spanned partially by the overturned derricks. As well as in the front holds one find ammunition, construction materials and various military equipment.

The single-level structures between the fourth and fifth hold housing the galley and some store rooms.

At the rear meanwhile the planking is missing. The red soft coral on the railing and the deck struts provide the necessary color. The rudder and the exposed control chain can be well recognized. Below the railing the enormous rudder blade and the starboard screw impress. The port propeller is sunk in the bottom. Under the rudder there is a huge artificial cave that can only be left by two outputs. The twilight contributes to a mystical mood.

Original Photos of Umbria 

 

 

 

 

 

AbingtonKThe Abington lighthouse, 3.5 miles north of Angarosh, marks another coral tower that rises to the surface from the depths of the area. When weather conditions allow, beautiful dives can be made from the north side.

Numerous large compositions of sea fans can be seen on the vertical wall. This dive is challenging because of the likelihood of strong currents and the ease with which your arrive at considerable depth. Stopping at around the 50-meters-level, you can wait for hammerhead, grey and silvertip sharks to settle around the few large coral formations in this area. During the long resurfacing process, you can observe caves and gorges covered in soft corals, sea whips and colourful madrepores. Encounters with large tuna and pelagic fish are frequent.

When this spot cannot be reached, due to prevailing winds from the north, it is possible to make a relaxing 25 meters dive down the southeastern point instead.

In this area, there are abundant coral formations and barrier fish.

Original Photos of Abington Reef

 

Mesharifa Skizze K

mesharifa Skizze 1

This is a small island made of coral sand, situated in a large lagoon in front of the fishermen’s village of Mohamed Qol, 10 miles west of Shambaia.

This lagoon is filled with large manta rays, attracted by the extraordinary abundance of plankton. In particular, between August and November, these fascinating creatures form groups of up to dozens of individuals. They gather near channels and passages where the current brings them large quantities of food. Like any other plankton- filled habitat, visbility here is not very good. It is necessary to get very close to subjects (that often swim close to the surface, in any case) in order to get good photos.

POSSIBLE DIVE SITES BEST OF SUDAN

Sanganeb Süd Skizze 1 K

Sanganeb Nord Skizze K

Sanganeb north TG 1

Sanganeb south TG K

The Sanganeb reef was placed under nature conservation in 1990 - you can see it from afar by its 50-meter high lighthouse. The effort of climbing the lighthouse with its 268 steps is paying off, because you will be rewarded with a fantastic view over the reef, and the four lighthouse keepers are happy about occasional visitors. The reef area covers 12 square kilometers and rises from a depth of 800 m steeply from the ocean floor.

Especially the south west plateau is famous for its great biodiversity, the lush vegetation with soft corals and its prominent location with good chance for big fish encounters. Here the reef forms a vast plateau, where the abundance and variety of life can even compete with the famous southern tip of Shaab Rumi. Experienced divers can venture to the far end of the stage, while the less experienced better stay on the stage near the site with a sandy bottom.

Depending on the season there are encounters of big barracuda schools, dozens of groupers and shoals of mackerel. Lovers of underwater photography will be highly entertained. Among the variety of species to be photographed you can also encounter rarities such as hammerheads.

In good weather condition, it is also possible to dive from the north point of Sanganeb reef. This location is often affected by strong currents, but the water is absolutely crystal clear. Hammerhead sharks can be seen close to the second, “step” which is roughly 45 meter deep, large shoals of black fin barracuda and big eye trevallies can often be encountered.

With so much diversity in flora and fauna definitely more dives are worthwhile.

Sanganeb Süd Skizze 5      Sanganeb Nord Skizze 5

 

Original Photos of Sanganeb

Sanganeb Skizze K

 

 

Hindi Gidir Skizze1 K

Hindi Gidir Skizze K

Hindi Gider is located on the halfway between Port Sudan and Sawakin, about 35 miles off the mainland coast. It shapes the northwestern boundary of the northern Sawakin group. The sandy island is vegetated green in the middle.

Even from a distance the island can be recognized by its unmanned lighthouse. It consists of a 27 meter high steel structure. Its beam is visible at night up to 10 nautical miles. His beacon should warn ships on their way to and from Port Sudan against the many shoals of that region.

The elongated island rises up from the 400 meter deep seabed. The outsides fall partially vertically into the depths. Drop off divers get their money`s worth and can observe different pelagic big fish. Hindi Gider is visited by sea turtles to lay their eggs, like its neighboring islands, for example Seil'Ada Kebir. Encounters with these amazing sea creatures are therefore common in this area.

 

North side

Steep and in small increments, the reef wall drops off into the deep blue. In 40 meters there is a small shelf tightly hugs the steep drop. Just a few meters from the reef, the bottom reaches a depths of over 90 meters.

The drop-off is beautifully covered with hard and soft corals. Huge Fan gorgonians stay in the current, in order to filter plankton from the water. Small feather stars took a seat on them.

In shallower area there is a very rich underwater fauna. Shoals of Jewels Anthias and butterfly fish are on the wall. In many small gaps cleaning stations with their many visitors can be discovered. Encounters with whitetip reef sharks, blacktip reef sharks and hammerhead sharks are not uncommon.

 

East side

The reef wall is very rugged, especially on the first few meters, forming many small caves and crevices. Numerous black spot snapper and various butterfly fish swim around among the corals.

South of the lighthouse, a soft coral garden has developed. It is unique in its form and color splendor. Various types of prickly superb coral grow close to each other and hanging down the overhangs. Underwater photographers will find countless interesting motivs. The entire wall is covered with a magnificent carpet of soft and leather corals.

Despite this fascinating diversity should not be missed taking his eyes in the open water. There you can discover at the entire drop off pelagic schooling fish, such as tuna, but also individuals such as silver tips sharks

Protector Skizze K

Protector Reef Skizze K

18 miles east of Shaab Ambar, you come to Protector, a reef roughly 2 miles long, surrounding a large lagoon.

On the south side, there is a very interesting 20 to 30 meters-deep platform, which is covered in coral formations full of wildlife. On the external side, looking down into the deep, you may spot hovering hammerhead sharks and encounter manta rays and silky sharks swimming close to the surface.

 

Barra Musa Kebir Skizze 1 K

Barra Musa Kebir Skizze 2 K

The roundish island lies 60 nautical miles from Port Sudan on the southeast edge of the northern Suakin Group.

Barra Musa Kebir is covered in the middle with green shrubbery. The beach turtles use to lay their eggs on the Island.

A very attractive plateau adjoins the south side. On the west and east sides there are drop-offs, which amaze every steep face diver.

From wonderful soft corals to pelagic big fish, everything is represented. The diver can encounter colorful splendor corals, various schools of fish, sea turtles, various shark species and sometimes also manta rays.

 

North side

The reef wall is broken and falls on the first 10 to 15 vertical down. Lionfish are waiting for the night in the reef cracks or under protrusions to go to catch prey. Little Longnose Hawkfish hiding in the branches of harp gorgonians. Below the wall begins a two inclined slope that is covered with coral heads. There are numerous soft corals that inhabit the slope.

From 55 meters depth the reef wall drops almost vertically off to the deep blue of the free water. Like also on the other sides different shark species may be encountered.

 

South plaetau

From the surface to the base of the plateau, the reef wall drops almost vertically. It forms numerous columns and small caves, which are populated by various sea creatures.

The plateau slopes from 23 meters depth slowly downward. It is covered with small coral heads, which are covered with soft corals. From Diadem sea urchins and feather stars to unicorn fish and up to giant moray eels a lot of interesting can be observed in a small space. With some luck you can spot a sit in ambush Stonefish.

At the edge, in 26 meter depth, the visitor reaches a nearly perpendicular steep drop which forms sometimes large caves. Especially on the southern tip big fish are encountered.

Both schools of tuna and great barracuda as well as individual grey and hammerhead sharks are guest here. In the shallower area sea turtles are often swimming. Depending on the season, also Mantas passing along the reef.

 

 

Shaab Ambar Skizze K

Shaab Ambar South TG

Shaab Ambar Skizze 1 K

Sha’ab Ambar is a massive reef system with a lagoon in the middle that is perfect for a night dive at overnight mooring.

In the north-west a drop off is falling into the deep blue. The wall is beautiful overgrown with colourful gorgonians.

At the south-east lies a very nice plateau. A sandy area on which, when there is a mild current, you can find shoals of unicorn fish. Great barracudas coming to catch the weaker fish and the giant dog tooth tunas come herding their youngsters. Not to forget the sand eels and the small white tip reef sharks.

At the drop off, when the current permits, one will often be rewarded with the super stars: schools of hammer heads and the odd grey reef sharks!

Original Photos of Shaab Ambar

 

 

Pinnacle Skizze K

Pinnacle Skizze 1 K

Pinnacle looks like a big tower and rises from the depths to approximately 5 to 6 meters under the surface. It is a very small reef, just a little bit bigger than the Habili Jaffar Reef at St. John`s.

The reef is strongly colored with pink, yellow and red soft corals. The whole coral block is full of life wherever you look. During the safety stop in 5 – 6 meter you can admire some Anemone.

Goldband fusiliers are attracting predators like Tuna, and due to the strong current this place is a meeting place for hammerhead sharks, whitetip reef sharks and grey sharks.

Logan Reef TG

Logan reef Skizze

On the north side of Logan reef in 30 meters one can find a sandy plateau, which is surrounded on its outer edge with a coral belt which extends to the surface.
On a trip into the blue water you can meet single or even schools of hammerhead sharks and Grey Reef sharks. After returning to the plateau one will continue the dive with the reef on the right side.
We are now on the eastern ridge of the reef, where we swim through clouds of fish, where our presence is absolutely indifferent. On the ground at a depth of 45 meters is a series of small plateaus, overgrown rich with soft corals and sea fans. Here you will find different types of reef fish and schools with large buffalo head parrot fish that nibble at the corals.

The reef wall drops steeply into the blue.
Distance to the coast: 42 miles
Depth: 15-45 m
Best dive time: morning and afternoon
Current: Medium
View: Good
Big Fish: Grey reef sharks, barracuda, mackerel, humphead parrotfish
No night dives possible
Snorkelling is possible at the anchorage

Original Photos from Logan Reef

Keary Reef Skizze K

keary nord Skizze 1 K

Keary Reef North

Distance from the coast: 38 miles
Current: medium
Summary: Good to very good
Difficulty: medium
Attractions: corals, caves, corals, sea fans
Pelagic fish: barracuda, mackerel, turtles
Depth: 10 - 45 meters
Night dives: No
Best dive time: afternoon
Snorkelling: yes

Overview

The Keary reef is located halfway between Logan Reef and Shaab Ambar.

Dive Plan  

As you descend on the northern side of the reef, you directly hit an infinite number of whip corals and sea fans. In 20 meters you will find a number of coral heads that extend to a depth of 60 meters.

Shaab Jumna Skizze K

Shaab Jumna Skizze 1 K

Jumna is about 29 miles from Port Sudan in an ESE direction, while it’s 23 miles far from Sanganeb South.

It’s the first reef you reach in the Sawakin Archipelago, the most northern reef.
From Jumna, with only 9 sailing miles, you can reach the lagoon of Shaab Ambar, excellent shelter and berth where to pass the night.
Jumna dives are famous: We are talking about a barrier which is over 50 km off the coast, rising up from the bottom, in blue water and the seabed around is indicated between 300 to 400 meters in the marine charts.

You have the chance to meet pelagic fish, schools of hammerhead and other sharks, and diving can be really extraordinary.

Dives are wall to wall, usually on the east side. During Spring, it may happen that the water is turbid, because of the tide from SW. It’s worth to go diving once again even when going up, before going back to Sanganeb or going to Umbria or Port Sudan at the end of the cruise.
Jumna often offered extraordinary meetings in terms of the amount of hammerhead schools spotted.

Away from the landscape of Port Sudan with its people and noise, far from the coast, emerges Jumna.
It is in the middle of the sea, alone but with the wind, waves, silence and peace. The surface looks like a green triangle and below there are drawn endless shapes, that receive all those divers wishing to visit.
Jumna welcomes you. Its hammerheads are the perfect hosts. They come closer, look at you, surround you with their charm, amaze you with the beauty of their bodies and the delicacy of their movements. They are making sure you spend unforgettable moments.

Jumna surprises you. Sometimes a manta ray invites you to dance, waving her long black and white dress.

Jumna dazzles you. Its caves enclose some rays of light that try to escape to the blue while they give color and contrast to the corals.

Jumna delights you. Its walls, full of different kinds of nudibranchs, keep you immersed in a miniature world.

Jumna hugs you, makes you vibrate, rotate and spin.
It slides you from side to side with its gentle stream and it makes you fly over a deep dark bottom. Jumna keeps you in a zigzag of sensations.
You will love Jumna!

Original Photos of Jumna Reef

 

 

Wingate Reef Skizze K

Wingate Umbria Bild K

Wingate Umbria Skizze 5

The Wingate Reef is located close to the harbor entrance of Port Sudan.
It became known by Hans Hass, who dived there at the "Umbria" – Wreck in 1948. Due to the nearby harbor, the visibility on this reef is often poor.
Because also the biodiversity of underwater fauna and flora is not outstanding, at the Wingate Reef is rarely dived, except at the “Umbria".
Beautiful and highly recommended are the night dives at the Umbria.

Umbria

Location: Wingate Reef
Maximum depth: 38 meters
Minimum depth: 5 meters
current: Low to medium
Visibility: Due to the sediment-rich environment usually only moderately
Difficulties: No
Launched: 30/12/1911
Boatyard: Reiherstieg shipyard, Hamburg
Building Number: 444 Flag
Italian shipping company: Lloyd Tristino, Italy
Length: 155 meters
Width: 18 meters
Side height: Unknown
Draft: 5.83 meters
Load capacity: 6,219 tons
Survey: 10,076 GRT
Power Unit: 2 x 6 cylinder steam engine (Reiherstieg Machine construction)
Power: 4,300 hp
Speed: 12.5 knots
Captain: Lorenzo Muiesan
Crew: 81
Passengers: 77
Losses: None
Cargo: Munitions, bombs, cars, aircraft parts, cement bags
Last ride: From Naples via Messina to Aden and Calcutta
Sunk: 09/06/1940
Cause: Self scuttling
In May 1940 rages the WW2 in Europe. Despite the Balkan conflict, there was no open confrontation between fascist Italy and the British Crown at this time.

The "Umbria" was loaded at the end of May 1940 in Genoa, Livorno and Naples with various war materials to supply Italian troops in Aden. In 1935 the ship was already converted from passenger steamer to material and troop transport ship and previously used for such trips.
In the 5 holds more than 360,000 bombs and 60 boxes with incendiary bombs are packed with other explosives. Furthermore cars, aircraft parts and bags of cement and other building materials.
The route leads the "Umbria" via Messina in Sicily to Port Said, from where it should go through the Suez Canal and the Red Sea to East Africa.

 

After arriving in Port Said on June 3rd they stash another 1,000 tons of coal and 130 tons of water. 23 British Navy soldiers and 2 pilot go on board here. In anticipation of the entry into the war between Italy and England, the canal passage is deliberately delayed. So the "Umbria" leaves Suez three days later with its explosive cargo.
From now on she follows the gunboat "Grimsby". It stops the freighter amounting to Port Sudan with the reason to be in British territorial waters. On June 9th  the "Umbria" drops anchor at the Wingate Reef.
Under the pretext to search for smuggled goods, 22 soldiers are brought on board by the New Zealand cruiser "Leander", under the leadership of Lieutenant Steve.
They occupy instantly strategically important points and start a time-consuming search.
In the afternoon captain Muiesan experiences in his cabin from the radio, that Italy will proclaim the state of war at 19.00  and is to be expected with the first military actions at 0.00 the following day.
Muiesan knows, that he doesn`t have to waste more time to avoid that the strategically important cargo falls into enemy hands. Together with the first officer Radolfo Zarli and the flight engineer Carlo Costa, he plans the scuttling.
The difficulty was the unobtrusive evacuation of the crew.
Finally Muiesan proposes Lieutenant Steve to carry out a rescue exercise – he approves this in the hope of being able to continue to hold "Umbria". While the Italians start the exercise, Steve achieves on the bridge the news of heavy flooding throughout the ship.
After a few minutes, with increasing list, he realizes that he can no longer prevent the sinking. Furiously he and his soldiers take part at the "rescue exercise".
Aboard the "Gimsby" he announces to Muiesan the entry into the war in Italy and that he gave the order to scuttle.
Before the outbreak of war he goes with his crew in captivity to India.
Despite the dangerous position in the harbor of Port Sudan the "Umbria" is not recovered. Around the wreck, with its still partly protruding davits, a prohibited zone is pronounced and then left to oneself.
Nine years after its demise the "Umbria" awakens the interest of the 30-year old Hans Hass. His contacts with the governor of Port Sudan affords him to dive at the "Umbria".
His photographic and film material contributed significantly the myth of the wreck.
Meanwhile, the "Umbria" is one of the most famous wrecks in the Red Sea.
Located within sight before Port Sudan it is mostly dived at the beginning or the end of a dive safari. Although the collecting passion of many divers has left their marks, the old lady with the explosive cargo has lost none of its charm. The place of sinking can be easily recognized from the four davits on the starboard side that protrude out of the water. The sediment-rich bottom, the near location to the harbor entrance and the slightly current often contribute to decreased visibility.

The ship lies on its port side in a 75 degree angle. The intact bow is followed by three fore holds. Mid ship one finds the crew quarters and the bridge, to the rear two more cargo spaces and the quarterdeck. Both, the cargo spaces and the mid ship structures, can be comfortably explored.
Due to the extreme skew and the dangerous cargo, it is required to extreme care when touching objects.  Approaching the bow of the "Umbria" from the open water, the towering bow steven with the flag staff distinguishes mystical from the greenish water.
The two anchor chains running to the bottom, because "Umbria" was moored when she sank. The anchor winch and the rail are covered with coral.
The deck planks are partly still in a remarkably good condition. The small hatches are an indication of the age of the ship. In the first hold, whose access is located on the foredeck, in addition to the ubiquitous ammunition there are wooden boxes, electrical material and aircraft tires.

In the second, a bit larger one, there are bombs, grenades and stick grenades. From the explosive separated detonators are almost distributed in each loading space. The third cargo area is the most visited.
Besides cement bags and other building materials one can find wine bottles and jam jars.
A narrow passage back- or starboard leads to the first platform in the mid ship area, where are three vehicles.
The Fiat 1100 Lunga specifically designed for off-road use in the Italian colonies. Unfortunately a lot of divers already left their marks at the vehicles. The fine sediment leaves the visibility to zero already after a short time -  if possible this ship part should be visited by small groups at longer intervals.

The mid ship section with the bridge and its superstructures can be easily explored also by snorkeling.

On Starboard 4 empty davits protrude out of the water. On this side is also a single bath room with toilet, bath and an enamel washbasin.
To the huge engine room you can either pass through one of the open skylights behind the chimney or through the access from aft workshop. The multistory space is easy to dive in the upper sections, the lower remains for experienced divers.

Duckboards isolate the various aggregates. On the seabed towards the port side of the superstructure, lie wind sleeves, derricks, the broken chimney and a lifeboat.

Toward the stern, two other cargo spaces follow. They are spanned partially by the overturned derricks. As well as in the front holds one find ammunition, construction materials and various military equipment.

The single-level structures between the fourth and fifth hold housing the galley and some store rooms.

At the rear meanwhile the planking is missing. The red soft coral on the railing and the deck struts provide the necessary color. The rudder and the exposed control chain can be well recognized. Below the railing the enormous rudder blade and the starboard screw impress. The port propeller is sunk in the bottom. Under the rudder there is a huge artificial cave that can only be left by two outputs. The twilight contributes to a mystical mood.

Original Photos of Umbria 

 

 

 

Seil Ada Skizze K

Seil Ada is a small island in the Suakin archipelago.
It is one of the destination of the "South" route. It is also called "Turtle Island" because the turtles, during the spring, come to nest in the sand of its beaches. In late spring you can see their tracks and with a little luck you can see some turtles on the sand.

It is easy to meet them along the barrier just snorkeling. (just taking a bath with mask and fins).
Sightings are insured during the dive at North point.
North Seilada is not considered a demanding dive, it is a beautiful third dive, maybe on the way back to go to moor in the Sha'ab Ambar lagoon.

During this dive, from March on, we will find turtles in quantity, nursery of white tip reef sharks, solitary hammers, rays and reef fish.
Seil Ada does not provide safe mooring for the night, it is a pity, but with a little luck between a dive and another you can find time for a short walk.

Having an island in the itinerary is a bit rare, you can say an exception. During the cruises in the North and South, the islands are always off course, far from the most interesting dive sites. Seilada is a precious "break"....

Original Photos of Seil Ada Kebir

Towartit Reef Skizze K

5 mile south of Port Sudan snuggles close to the mainland coast. It is a group of reefs, consisting of a large number of small individual reefs.

The Towartit Reef is 18 miles long in north-south direction and has a width of 9 miles in east-west direction. About the area there are no accurate nautical charts and a part of the of reefs has not been mapped. For this reason it has become a graveyard for numerous ships. Wreck enthusiasts get one`s money`s worth.

On several reefs of the North there are marks to warn the ships about the shoals on their way to Port Sudan. A dive site is located just south of the northernmost sign.

Shielded by a prolonged reef to the east and two small reefs in the west and south the boat can be anchored.

Inside the bottom goes to 9 to 22 meter depth. On the outside, near the northern tip, it drops steeply down to 80 meters.

Shaab Rumi Skizze1

Shaab Rumi Skizze K

Shaab Rumi South TG

Shaab Rumi Precontinent paint

Sha’ab Rumi is 23 miles north/north-east of Port Sudan. Diving close to the south point of the reef, you reach a vast plateau at a depth of 20 to 30 meters. In this area, it’s to come across vast numbers of permanent fish, as well as a fine shoal of barracuda and large groups of bigeye trevallies. Roughly 20 grey sharks, mostly females, visit this plateau, which is subject to strong currents. On the seabed, there is an anti-shark cage, used by cousteau’s team in the 1960s.

The great variety of species and the quantity of colors make this one of the most beautiful dives in the world. Each immersion, even those done in close succession, is guaranteed to provide some pleasant surprise because the area contains a complete food chain, ranging from dense shoals of the smallest kind of fish to large predators.

The seabed is covered with tiny cleaning wrasses that serve the colorful coral fish and also sharks and barracuda. For those of you who enjoy observing and photographing “small” subjects, these are red sea anemonefish and longnose hawkfish swimming around the large sea fans of beautiful sea anemones.

Diver interested in going down deeper, to the 50 meters leve, have a good chance of experiencing shoals of hammerhead sharks that repeatedly approach them, full of curiosity. Encounters with silvertrip sharks are common. Close to the reef, a pretty shoal od “sweet lips” grunts keep us company during the safety stop on the way up.

Rising towards the surface, close to the entrance of the Sha’ab Rumi lagoon, you will see the outline of the “precontinent”. This large underwater bell resembles a “flying saucer”. It was used by cousteau’s team to carry out hyperbaric physiological experiments. This bell can also be seen from the surface.

shaab-rumi-sud

 

Original Photos of Shaab Rumi

 

POSSIBLE DIVE SITES OF THE DEEP SOUTH TOUR

Shaab Jumna Skizze K

Shaab Jumna Skizze 1 K

Jumna is about 29 miles from Port Sudan in an ESE direction, while it’s 23 miles far from Sanganeb South.

It’s the first reef you reach in the Sawakin Archipelago, the most northern reef.
From Jumna, with only 9 sailing miles, you can reach the lagoon of Shaab Ambar, excellent shelter and berth where to pass the night.
Jumna dives are famous: We are talking about a barrier which is over 50 km off the coast, rising up from the bottom, in blue water and the seabed around is indicated between 300 to 400 meters in the marine charts.

You have the chance to meet pelagic fish, schools of hammerhead and other sharks, and diving can be really extraordinary.

Dives are wall to wall, usually on the east side. During Spring, it may happen that the water is turbid, because of the tide from SW. It’s worth to go diving once again even when going up, before going back to Sanganeb or going to Umbria or Port Sudan at the end of the cruise.
Jumna often offered extraordinary meetings in terms of the amount of hammerhead schools spotted.

Away from the landscape of Port Sudan with its people and noise, far from the coast, emerges Jumna.
It is in the middle of the sea, alone but with the wind, waves, silence and peace. The surface looks like a green triangle and below there are drawn endless shapes, that receive all those divers wishing to visit.
Jumna welcomes you. Its hammerheads are the perfect hosts. They come closer, look at you, surround you with their charm, amaze you with the beauty of their bodies and the delicacy of their movements. They are making sure you spend unforgettable moments.

Jumna surprises you. Sometimes a manta ray invites you to dance, waving her long black and white dress.

Jumna dazzles you. Its caves enclose some rays of light that try to escape to the blue while they give color and contrast to the corals.

Jumna delights you. Its walls, full of different kinds of nudibranchs, keep you immersed in a miniature world.

Jumna hugs you, makes you vibrate, rotate and spin.
It slides you from side to side with its gentle stream and it makes you fly over a deep dark bottom. Jumna keeps you in a zigzag of sensations.
You will love Jumna!

Original Photos of Jumna Reef

 

Shaab Ambar Skizze K

Shaab Ambar South TG

Shaab Ambar Skizze 1 K

Sha’ab Ambar is a massive reef system with a lagoon in the middle that is perfect for a night dive at overnight mooring.

In the north-west a drop off is falling into the deep blue. The wall is beautiful overgrown with colourful gorgonians.

At the south-east lies a very nice plateau. A sandy area on which, when there is a mild current, you can find shoals of unicorn fish. Great barracudas coming to catch the weaker fish and the giant dog tooth tunas come herding their youngsters. Not to forget the sand eels and the small white tip reef sharks.

At the drop off, when the current permits, one will often be rewarded with the super stars: schools of hammer heads and the odd grey reef sharks!

Original Photos of Shaab Ambar

 

Logan Reef TG

Logan reef Skizze

On the north side of Logan reef in 30 meters one can find a sandy plateau, which is surrounded on its outer edge with a coral belt which extends to the surface.
On a trip into the blue water you can meet single or even schools of hammerhead sharks and Grey Reef sharks. After returning to the plateau one will continue the dive with the reef on the right side.
We are now on the eastern ridge of the reef, where we swim through clouds of fish, where our presence is absolutely indifferent. On the ground at a depth of 45 meters is a series of small plateaus, overgrown rich with soft corals and sea fans. Here you will find different types of reef fish and schools with large buffalo head parrot fish that nibble at the corals.

The reef wall drops steeply into the blue.
Distance to the coast: 42 miles
Depth: 15-45 m
Best dive time: morning and afternoon
Current: Medium
View: Good
Big Fish: Grey reef sharks, barracuda, mackerel, humphead parrotfish
No night dives possible
Snorkelling is possible at the anchorage

Original Photos from Logan Reef

Habili Seil Ada

On a sandy plateau are some beautifully vegetated coral blocks in different sizes and between them sweeping table corals.

The Zodiac drops one above this ergs, as this is the interesting part of this plateau.

At a depth 10-15 meters whitetip reef sharks are on patrol and large barracuda are standing in the current, but also snails and scorpion fish can be discovered on closer inspection.

After leaving the blocks, follows an about 30 meters sandy bottom, which then passes into a steep drop off. This sector may be omitted with confidence because most of life is happening among the coral blocks.

Habili Seil Ada can be approached only in good weather conditions, as the coral blocks are 5 - 10 m below the surface and do not protect against wind and waves.

Original Photos of Habili Seil Ada

Wingate Reef Skizze K

Wingate Umbria Bild K

Wingate Umbria Skizze 5

The Wingate Reef is located close to the harbor entrance of Port Sudan.
It became known by Hans Hass, who dived there at the "Umbria" – Wreck in 1948. Due to the nearby harbor, the visibility on this reef is often poor.
Because also the biodiversity of underwater fauna and flora is not outstanding, at the Wingate Reef is rarely dived, except at the “Umbria".
Beautiful and highly recommended are the night dives at the Umbria.

Umbria

Location: Wingate Reef
Maximum depth: 38 meters
Minimum depth: 5 meters
current: Low to medium
Visibility: Due to the sediment-rich environment usually only moderately
Difficulties: No
Launched: 30/12/1911
Boatyard: Reiherstieg shipyard, Hamburg
Building Number: 444 Flag
Italian shipping company: Lloyd Tristino, Italy
Length: 155 meters
Width: 18 meters
Side height: Unknown
Draft: 5.83 meters
Load capacity: 6,219 tons
Survey: 10,076 GRT
Power Unit: 2 x 6 cylinder steam engine (Reiherstieg Machine construction)
Power: 4,300 hp
Speed: 12.5 knots
Captain: Lorenzo Muiesan
Crew: 81
Passengers: 77
Losses: None
Cargo: Munitions, bombs, cars, aircraft parts, cement bags
Last ride: From Naples via Messina to Aden and Calcutta
Sunk: 09/06/1940
Cause: Self scuttling
In May 1940 rages the WW2 in Europe. Despite the Balkan conflict, there was no open confrontation between fascist Italy and the British Crown at this time.

The "Umbria" was loaded at the end of May 1940 in Genoa, Livorno and Naples with various war materials to supply Italian troops in Aden. In 1935 the ship was already converted from passenger steamer to material and troop transport ship and previously used for such trips.
In the 5 holds more than 360,000 bombs and 60 boxes with incendiary bombs are packed with other explosives. Furthermore cars, aircraft parts and bags of cement and other building materials.
The route leads the "Umbria" via Messina in Sicily to Port Said, from where it should go through the Suez Canal and the Red Sea to East Africa.

After arriving in Port Said on June 3rd they stash another 1,000 tons of coal and 130 tons of water. 23 British Navy soldiers and 2 pilot go on board here. In anticipation of the entry into the war between Italy and England, the canal passage is deliberately delayed. So the "Umbria" leaves Suez three days later with its explosive cargo.
From now on she follows the gunboat "Grimsby". It stops the freighter amounting to Port Sudan with the reason to be in British territorial waters. On June 9th  the "Umbria" drops anchor at the Wingate Reef.
Under the pretext to search for smuggled goods, 22 soldiers are brought on board by the New Zealand cruiser "Leander", under the leadership of Lieutenant Steve.
They occupy instantly strategically important points and start a time-consuming search.
In the afternoon captain Muiesan experiences in his cabin from the radio, that Italy will proclaim the state of war at 19.00  and is to be expected with the first military actions at 0.00 the following day.
Muiesan knows, that he doesn`t have to waste more time to avoid that the strategically important cargo falls into enemy hands. Together with the first officer Radolfo Zarli and the flight engineer Carlo Costa, he plans the scuttling.
The difficulty was the unobtrusive evacuation of the crew.
Finally Muiesan proposes Lieutenant Steve to carry out a rescue exercise – he approves this in the hope of being able to continue to hold "Umbria". While the Italians start the exercise, Steve achieves on the bridge the news of heavy flooding throughout the ship.
After a few minutes, with increasing list, he realizes that he can no longer prevent the sinking. Furiously he and his soldiers take part at the "rescue exercise".
Aboard the "Gimsby" he announces to Muiesan the entry into the war in Italy and that he gave the order to scuttle.
Before the outbreak of war he goes with his crew in captivity to India.
Despite the dangerous position in the harbor of Port Sudan the "Umbria" is not recovered. Around the wreck, with its still partly protruding davits, a prohibited zone is pronounced and then left to oneself.
Nine years after its demise the "Umbria" awakens the interest of the 30-year old Hans Hass. His contacts with the governor of Port Sudan affords him to dive at the "Umbria".
His photographic and film material contributed significantly the myth of the wreck.
Meanwhile, the "Umbria" is one of the most famous wrecks in the Red Sea.
Located within sight before Port Sudan it is mostly dived at the beginning or the end of a dive safari. Although the collecting passion of many divers has left their marks, the old lady with the explosive cargo has lost none of its charm. The place of sinking can be easily recognized from the four davits on the starboard side that protrude out of the water. The sediment-rich bottom, the near location to the harbor entrance and the slightly current often contribute to decreased visibility.

The ship lies on its port side in a 75 degree angle. The intact bow is followed by three fore holds. Mid ship one finds the crew quarters and the bridge, to the rear two more cargo spaces and the quarterdeck. Both, the cargo spaces and the mid ship structures, can be comfortably explored.
Due to the extreme skew and the dangerous cargo, it is required to extreme care when touching objects.  Approaching the bow of the "Umbria" from the open water, the towering bow steven with the flag staff distinguishes mystical from the greenish water.
The two anchor chains running to the bottom, because "Umbria" was moored when she sank. The anchor winch and the rail are covered with coral.
The deck planks are partly still in a remarkably good condition. The small hatches are an indication of the age of the ship. In the first hold, whose access is located on the foredeck, in addition to the ubiquitous ammunition there are wooden boxes, electrical material and aircraft tires.

In the second, a bit larger one, there are bombs, grenades and stick grenades. From the explosive separated detonators are almost distributed in each loading space. The third cargo area is the most visited.
Besides cement bags and other building materials one can find wine bottles and jam jars.
A narrow passage back- or starboard leads to the first platform in the mid ship area, where are three vehicles.
The Fiat 1100 Lunga specifically designed for off-road use in the Italian colonies. Unfortunately a lot of divers already left their marks at the vehicles. The fine sediment leaves the visibility to zero already after a short time -  if possible this ship part should be visited by small groups at longer intervals.

The mid ship section with the bridge and its superstructures can be easily explored also by snorkeling.

On Starboard 4 empty davits protrude out of the water. On this side is also a single bath room with toilet, bath and an enamel washbasin.
To the huge engine room you can either pass through one of the open skylights behind the chimney or through the access from aft workshop. The multistory space is easy to dive in the upper sections, the lower remains for experienced divers.

Duckboards isolate the various aggregates. On the seabed towards the port side of the superstructure, lie wind sleeves, derricks, the broken chimney and a lifeboat.

Toward the stern, two other cargo spaces follow. They are spanned partially by the overturned derricks. As well as in the front holds one find ammunition, construction materials and various military equipment.

The single-level structures between the fourth and fifth hold housing the galley and some store rooms.

At the rear meanwhile the planking is missing. The red soft coral on the railing and the deck struts provide the necessary color. The rudder and the exposed control chain can be well recognized. Below the railing the enormous rudder blade and the starboard screw impress. The port propeller is sunk in the bottom. Under the rudder there is a huge artificial cave that can only be left by two outputs. The twilight contributes to a mystical mood.

Original Photos of Umbria 

 

Barra Musa Kebir Skizze 1 K

Barra Musa Kebir Skizze 2 K

The roundish island lies 60 nautical miles from Port Sudan on the southeast edge of the northern Suakin Group.

Barra Musa Kebir is covered in the middle with green shrubbery. The beach turtles use to lay their eggs on the Island.

A very attractive plateau adjoins the south side. On the west and east sides there are drop-offs, which amaze every steep face diver.

From wonderful soft corals to pelagic big fish, everything is represented. The diver can encounter colorful splendor corals, various schools of fish, sea turtles, various shark species and sometimes also manta rays.

 

North side

The reef wall is broken and falls on the first 10 to 15 vertical down. Lionfish are waiting for the night in the reef cracks or under protrusions to go to catch prey. Little Longnose Hawkfish hiding in the branches of harp gorgonians. Below the wall begins a two inclined slope that is covered with coral heads. There are numerous soft corals that inhabit the slope.

From 55 meters depth the reef wall drops almost vertically off to the deep blue of the free water. Like also on the other sides different shark species may be encountered.

 

South plaetau

From the surface to the base of the plateau, the reef wall drops almost vertically. It forms numerous columns and small caves, which are populated by various sea creatures.

The plateau slopes from 23 meters depth slowly downward. It is covered with small coral heads, which are covered with soft corals. From Diadem sea urchins and feather stars to unicorn fish and up to giant moray eels a lot of interesting can be observed in a small space. With some luck you can spot a sit in ambush Stonefish.

At the edge, in 26 meter depth, the visitor reaches a nearly perpendicular steep drop which forms sometimes large caves. Especially on the southern tip big fish are encountered.

Both schools of tuna and great barracuda as well as individual grey and hammerhead sharks are guest here. In the shallower area sea turtles are often swimming. Depending on the season, also Mantas passing along the reef.

Habili Cab

 

 

coming soon

Dahrat Ghab


Dahrat Ghab is located on the western edge of the South Sawakin group, about 24 miles from the mainland coast. The oblong island is oriented in the west-east direction. Like many islands south of Port Sudan, it is covered with green bushes. The seabed reaches depths of more than 500 meters in the immediate vicinity. On the east side is a large plateau. Around the entire island is a small platform in 3 meters  depth. At this dive site, an extremely lush and colorful underwater fauna and flora thrive. Experienced Sudan divers consider this island to be the most beautiful dive site in the entire Red Sea. Depending on the season, there are good chances to meet different shark species, manta rays and large sea turtles.

Westside


From 3 meters downwards, the rugged wall of the reef falls steeply into the deep blue. Snorkelers also get their money's worth. In the numerous small gaps and caves there is much to discover. The spines of sea urchins are made of small holes. Underneath protrusions, there are pairs of masked butterfly fish. Spotted hedgehog fish, as well as  the cornet fish, that usually swim under the water surface, are swimming along the reef. The entire outer wall is beautifully covered with coral and soft corals. Small cup  corals have settled on the hard ground, as well as splendid anemones and large fan corals. Different sponges give the reef wall a colorful appearance. Below 25 meters the outer wall sinks steeply into great depths, where the realm of deep-sea fish begins.

 

Eastern plateau


Below the pedestal, a steep slope adjoins. It flows into a transverse canal in 26 meters at the base of the plateau. The slope is magnificently covered with coral and soft corals. Between these, numerous small, colorful reef dwellers swim, such as, for example, tobacco butterflyfish, groups of serpent fishes and red sea anemone fish. In the canal the most frequent north current can be so strong that it is hardly possible to swim in the opposite direction. Often a large group of buffalo-head parrot fishes stay here, but also large groupers and sometimes mantas can be found.
To the east of the canal, the ground rises again to a depth of about 22 meters, to drop about 60 meters from the plateau steep into the depth. At the tip, different shark species and pelagic swarmfish such as trevally and tuna can be observed. Only a few meter from the tip of the plateau, the bottom disappears beyond 100 meter.

 

 

Dahrat Abida

This elongated island is located at the southern end of South Suakin Group, around 20 miles away from the coast. Dahrat Abida can be seen even from a distance, marked by the three wrecks, lying on the northwestern side. The one located in the south is a former sailboat. In the middle is an unknown motor vessel and in the north is a lifeboat. The island measures about 400 meters, oriented from northwest to southwest. The island is covered in the middle with shrubbery. The two plateaus at the ends of the island are full of life sizzles. On the drop offs stretch large gorgonians their branches in the current. Below 30 meters one finds black coral.
From the open water big fish appear and swim along the reef wall, that drops into the deep blue.

 

South-West Plateau

The dive is usually started at the southeast end of the island and continued westward. The jagged reef wall drops steeply and forms partly small overhangs, from which beautiful spiky splendor coral droop. Also couples of masked butterflies stay there. The entire wall is overgrown with various corals. Westward follows a very colorful and rich in species populated plateau. It is completely covered with coral heads. Underwater photographers will find lots of interesting designs. At some distance from the overgrown with soft corals wall, shoals of jackfish or individual barracudas passing along the reef. From the outer edge of the narrow plateau patrolling grey reef sharks or swarms of tuna can be discovered.

 

North-East Plateau

At the northeastern end of Dahrat Abida a plateau extends into the free water. His approach starts in 4 meters and descends steadily to 14 meter depth. It's colorful overgrown. Seawhips protrude beside hard corals, rising from the ground and stretch towards the light. In the whole area the diver can observe numerous reef inhabitants: Yellow-breasted wrasse and groups of bluestripped snappers swim across shrimp goby peeking out of their burrows. Above them individual Napoleon and large groups of barracudas drag their orbits. The outer wall of the plateau is a drop off, where white tip and grey reef sharks pass along. If the view is directed into the open water, a school of scalloped hammerheads can be discovered with a little luck. It may comprise more than one hundred animals. Other pelagic inhabitants such as silvertip sharks, shoals of amberjacks or tunas, enrich the dive. Not infrequently turtles visit the island.

Original Photos of Dahrat Abida

 

Qab Miyum1

Miyum Reef

The boat is parking on the north-western part of the reef and the Zodiac takes you to the South-eastern side.

Here necessarily the usually very strong current has to be checked and you start the dive with the reef on the right side.

If the current is extremely strong, use the reef hook and stay close to the reef on the first plateau.

With less current you can drift to 25 - 30 meters at the end of the plateau and hook there. From there you have a look at the second plateau that slopes gently down to 45 meters. Whichever method is chosen, the current attracts all the big fish and hunters.

Schools of big barracuda, hammerheads, white tip reef sharks, bump head parrot fish and Longnose Hawkfish are not uncommon here.

 Original Photos of  Miyum Reef

 

Masamirit

 

Masamirit

Coming from the north, the island is the entrance into the reef area of southern Suakin Group. Visitors will find dive sites that are home to a magnificent underwater flora and fauna, that cannot be more stunning in the Red Sea. Masamirit is about 0.8 miles long and covered with green shrubbery. At the southern end is a lighthouse with 29 meter height. At night its light can be seen up to 15 nautical miles. On the west and south side the reef falls steeply to great depths. At the north end as well as on the east side is a plateau on which the underwater life can be observed in all its glory. Due to the prevailing north current the west and the north side are more interesting for diving. Near the island the seabed reaches depths of more than 350 meters. This is a good chance to find offshore residents as silvertip sharks and scalloped hammerheads.

 

North Plateau

In 3 meters depth the north side of the island continues to a flat plateau. On this plateau, set with coral heads, is a lot to discover: ball head parrot fish and tobacco butterflyfish swaying with the waves. At the outer edge follows a steep sloping drop off. It is beautifully covered with hard and soft corals. Between the colorful cnidarians there are swimming numerous small reef fish. Shoals of banner fish pass above  the corals. On the ground there are swimming White Sickle jewel perch and Junker fish. The outer wall has the opportunity to meet different pelagic marine life. Tuna shoals as well as individual blacktip or Scalloped hammerheads show one`s face from time to time. At the drop off are growing large sea fans, that catch plankton from the water with their polyps.

 

East Side

The outer wall is slightly curved inward and falls steeply to great depths. The upper area is rugged and crisscrossed by many small caves and crevices, where small reef dwellers searching for protection. At the drop off swarms of different snapper and trevally swimming along. Shoals of jewel Anthias group around the ledge. From overhangs droop colorful splendor coral. In the middle of the east side a plateau stretches into the open water. His approach begins at a depth of 20 meters and descends rapidly to 40 meters. On the plateau, a coral garden has developed. Especially forests of soft corals have settled here, which are populated by a lively fish world. At the eastern tip one should keep an eye in the open water: There can appear schools of hammerheads and other large fish. The chance to meet sharks is so big, that attentive divers can face this hunter of the seas during each dive.

 

Original Photos Masamirit

 

 

 

 

 

Habili Cab IsaK

 

 

As all reefs named Habili, the reef of Habili Qab Isa is under water - here in about 5 meters.

Depending on the current the Zodiac drops you in the west or east part of the southern plateau, which slopes gently from about 22 meters to the southern edge in 40 meters. Here you should look out for the great hunters - Hammerheads patrol in the deep blue.

If you start the dive on the east side of the plateau one encounters two large sea fans and cross to the West side in a zigzag course between the blocks of stone corals.

On the plateau schools of barracudas and some whitetip reef sharks are looking for prey. Humphead parrotfish and Longnose Hawkfish scrimmage between the Ergs.

Original Photos of Habili Qab Isa

Seil Ada Skizze K

Seil Ada is a small island in the Suakin archipelago.
It is one of the destination of the "South" route. It is also called "Turtle Island" because the turtles, during the spring, come to nest in the sand of its beaches. In late spring you can see their tracks and with a little luck you can see some turtles on the sand.

It is easy to meet them along the barrier just snorkeling. (just taking a bath with mask and fins).
Sightings are insured during the dive at North point.
North Seilada is not considered a demanding dive, it is a beautiful third dive, maybe on the way back to go to moor in the Sha'ab Ambar lagoon.

During this dive, from March on, we will find turtles in quantity, nursery of white tip reef sharks, solitary hammers, rays and reef fish.
Seil Ada does not provide safe mooring for the night, it is a pity, but with a little luck between a dive and another you can find time for a short walk.

Having an island in the itinerary is a bit rare, you can say an exception. During the cruises in the North and South, the islands are always off course, far from the most interesting dive sites. Seilada is a precious "break"....

Original Photos of Seil Ada Kebir

Protector Skizze K

Protector Reef Skizze K

18 miles east of Shaab Ambar, you come to Protector, a reef roughly 2 miles long, surrounding a large lagoon.

On the south side, there is a very interesting 20 to 30 meters-deep platform, which is covered in coral formations full of wildlife. On the external side, looking down into the deep, you may spot hovering hammerhead sharks and encounter manta rays and silky sharks swimming close to the surface.

Logan Reef TG

Logan reef Skizze

coming soon

 

Pinnacle Skizze K

Pinnacle Skizze 1 K

Pinnacle looks like a big tower and rises from the depths to approximately 5 to 6 meters under the surface. It is a very small reef, just a little bit bigger than the Habili Jaffar Reef at St. John`s.

The reef is strongly colored with pink, yellow and red soft corals. The whole coral block is full of life wherever you look. During the safety stop in 5 – 6 meter you can admire some Anemone.

Goldband fusiliers are attracting predators like Tuna, and due to the strong current this place is a meeting place for hammerhead sharks, whitetip reef sharks and grey sharks.

Loka


Loka is a small island and a truly undiscovered dive site.

At Shaab Loka you will find a gently sloping slope from the island. Here, about 50 years ago, a container ship was stranded and since then rotates. The reef is fantastic with all the possible corals and an incredible variety of whisking fish.

Loka - North


The dive starts at the northern corner of Loka Island - walls and endless depths.

Hammerhaie in an innumerable large school keep up here and disappear just as fast as they have appeared. They repeat this to the delight of all divers.

Along the wall you will find a beautiful balcony platform. It is not very large, about 50 x 25 m, with a huge coral block, which is surrounded by Barakudas. The entire platform is littered with so many fish that you can only imagine the corals.

Loka also offers a home for silky sharks, turtles, prickly peaks and white tip reef sharks.

Our boat in  Sudan - MY Seawolf Dominator

Year: 2007
completely modernized: Februar 2017
Lenght: 36 m
Width: 8,5 m

  • 8 air-conditioned double cabins lower deck, each with private bathroom and individually controlled air conditioning.
  • 3 suites with king-size bed on the upper deck, each with private bathroom and individually controlled air conditioning.
  • 1 air-conditioned double cabin on the upper deck, with private bathroom and individually controlled air conditioning.
  • All cabins and suites are equipped with a minibar
  • 2 separate bathrooms with toilet and shower
  • 1 air-conditioned salon with TV, music, DVD and bar1 klimatisierter Salon mit TV, Musik, DVD und Bar
  • 1 air-conditioned dining room
  • 1 spacious sundeck equipped teak wood, awnings and shisha-corner
  • 1 large sundeck equipped with sun loungers
  • 1 large divedeck eqipped with teak wood
  • electronic security and rescue system ENOS
    (Is the ENOS-System not available, because of technical problems, there is no refund)
  • 2 Life rafts for 20 persons, life jackets, fire extinguishers, first aid equipment, oxygen
  • 2 Zodiacs with 40-hp Yahama outboards

 

  • engines: 2 x 750 PS Daewoo
  • Generators: 2 x 80 KW, 220 V/24h
  • Compressors:
    3 x Bauer 240 l/min,
  • 12-liter alu-tank (15-liter tanks on request, aluminum or steel)
  • 18 tons of Diesel
  • 16 tons of water
  • 2 2 fresh water treatment plants à 3500 l/24 h
  • GPS, radar, sonar, compass,

 

 

Seawolf-Dominator
22 (8 x DZ, 3 x Suiten)
20.02.17 -
20.03.17
20.03.17 - 29.05.17
02.10.17 - 19.02.18
Price in Euro

 

North-Tour
per person 1080 1200
half charter 10800 12000
full charter

 

20000

 

22200

 

Deep-South-Tour
per person 1100 1250
half charter 11100 12500
full charter

 

20400

 

23150

 

Best of Sudan
per person 1100 1250
half charter 11100 12500
full charter 20400 23150

 

Maximum number of guests: 22

 

Services / Fees

Included in the tour price:

  • 8 days/7 nights on board
  • Accomodation in a shared double cabin with shower and WC
  • Full board, coffee, tea, water, juice
  • Breakfast on departure
  • Max. 4 dives per day, last day 2 dives
  • 12l-tank, weights, guide
  • ENOS for free
    (Is the ENOS-System not available, because of technical problems, there is no refund)

 

Not included in the tour price:

  • Flights
  • 45 € surcharge for 15l-tank (pre-order!, payable on board)
  • Nitrox 5 Euro per dive, 70 Euro for the week package (payable on board)
  • Soft drinks and alcoholic beverages (payable on board)
  • Service-fee 50 € (payable on board)
  • Visa 155 $ (payable on board) (subject to change)
  • Meet & Assist, transfers and diving permit fee in Sudan 187 Euro (250 Euro for two-week tour) (payable on board, subject to change)
  • Fuel surcharge 50 Euro per person/week (on invoice, subject to change)

 

Important:

  • Diving equipment must be brought - in Sudan no rental.
  • Visa 155 USD, the visa must be paid in $, the dollar notes must be new.
  • Your passport must be 6 months after the departure date in valid and must contain 3 blank pages.
  • On board we accept only cash payment in Euro or Dollar - in Sudan ATMs are not available and credit cards are not accepted!

 

Our Sudan-offers

Date Boat Route Start/End Availability Conf. Sailing Option Price Request
19/02/2018 - 26/02/2018 M/Y Seawolf Dominator Sudan - Deep South / Fair Offer Port Sudan 7 confirmed 1 1,050.00 € Request/Info
26/02/2018 - 05/03/2018 M/Y Seawolf Dominator Best of Sudan / Fair Offer Port Sudan 11 confirmed 2 1,050.00 € Request/Info
05/03/2018 - 16/03/2018 M/Y Seawolf Dominator Sudan - 11 days / Best of Sudan until North / Fair Offer Port Sudan 12 confirmed 1,705.00 € Request/Info
16/03/2018 - 26/03/2018 M/Y Seawolf Dominator Sudan - 10 days / Deep South & Shaab Rumi Port Sudan 1 confirmed 1,799.00 € Request/Info
26/03/2018 - 02/04/2018 M/Y Seawolf Dominator Sudan - Deep South / Fair Offer Port Sudan 17 confirmed 11 1,200.00 € Request/Info
02/04/2018 - 09/04/2018 M/Y Seawolf Dominator Sudan / Tour selectable Port Sudan 22 Request/Info
09/04/2018 - 16/04/2018 M/Y Seawolf Dominator Sudan - Deep South / Fair Offer Port Sudan 16 confirmed 1,200.00 € Request/Info
30/04/2018 - 14/05/2018 M/Y Seawolf Dominator Sudan 2 weeks - North & Deep South / Fair Offer Port Sudan 13 confirmed 3 2,099.00 € Request/Info
14/05/2018 - 21/05/2018 M/Y Seawolf Dominator Sudan - Deep South Port Sudan 6 confirmed 2 1,250.00 € Request/Info
18/02/2019 - 25/02/2019 M/Y Seawolf Dominator Sudan / Tour selectable Port Sudan 22 Request/Info
25/02/2019 - 04/03/2019 M/Y Seawolf Dominator Sudan / Tour selectable Port Sudan 22 Request/Info
04/03/2019 - 11/03/2019 M/Y Seawolf Dominator Sudan / Tour selectable Port Sudan 22 Request/Info
11/03/2019 - 18/03/2019 M/Y Seawolf Dominator Sudan / Tour selectable Port Sudan 22 Request/Info
18/03/2019 - 25/03/2019 M/Y Seawolf Dominator Sudan / Tour selectable Port Sudan 22 Request/Info
25/03/2019 - 01/04/2019 M/Y Seawolf Dominator Sudan / Tour selectable Port Sudan 22 Request/Info
01/04/2019 - 08/04/2019 M/Y Seawolf Dominator Sudan / Tour selectable Port Sudan 22 Request/Info
08/04/2019 - 15/04/2019 M/Y Seawolf Dominator Sudan / Tour selectable Port Sudan 22 Request/Info
15/04/2019 - 22/04/2019 M/Y Seawolf Dominator Sudan / Tour selectable Port Sudan 22 Request/Info
22/04/2019 - 29/04/2019 M/Y Seawolf Dominator Sudan / Tour selectable Port Sudan 22 Request/Info
29/04/2019 - 06/05/2019 M/Y Seawolf Dominator Sudan / Tour selectable Port Sudan 22 Request/Info
06/05/2019 - 13/05/2019 M/Y Seawolf Dominator Sudan / Tour selectable Port Sudan 22 Request/Info
20/05/2019 - 27/05/2019 M/Y Seawolf Dominator Sudan / Tour selectable Port Sudan 22 Request/Info

On board only cash is accepted

- In Sudan work no ATMs or credit cards!

Diving equipment must be brought - in Sudan no rental.

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